First 'Stumbling stones' to be laid in Hungary

Since 1995 they have become a familiar sight in many German cities, and they may also catch
your eye in Austria, Italy and the Netherlands: the stumbling stones (Stolpersteine) of the
Cologne-based artist Gunter Demnig are plaques to commemorate individual victims of the Nazis.
This week the first brass stones, which are intended to trip people's memory, will be embedded
in the pavements of Budapest.


The plaques, which are laid in the pavement in front of the last home of the victim, read "Here
lived", followed by the name, year of birth, and fate, which in most cases means the date of
deportation or death. The dates are researched by civil organisations, schools, and surviving
members of the victims' families. Private individuals or organisations finance the stones at a
cost of EUR 95 each.
Some see the stumbling stones as a fitting memorial to the victims, whilst others criticise
the fact that they mean the names of these people will be trampled on every day. Demnig, however, stresses that the stones allow individual people, who disappeared without trace between 1941 and 1945, or who were deported and murdered in concentration camps, to be remembered. "A person is forgotten only once their name is forgotten," he says. The project so far has led to 11,000 stones being laid in more than 190 towns.
On Friday, the first stones will be embedded in the pavement of Budapest. The initiative is
led by the Nazi Documentation Centre in Cologne and Gallery 2B in Budapest, where Demnig will
open an exhibition on Friday showing the project documentation, two original stumbling stones
and other works by the artist.

The project will be introduced on Thursday at 6pm, when Demnig will give a talk at the
Goethe Institute on the history of the stumbling stones, followed by a panel discussion on this
form of memorial. Then from 3.30pm on Friday Demnig will lay three stones on Ráday utca: for the
unemployed public official Béla Rónai outside number 5, the shoe repair and textile dealer
Oszkár Vidor (Weisz) outside number 25 and for spice dealer Imre Pollák outside number 31. Ágnes
Berger, who is leading the project, chose these three victims since their last homes were on
Ráday utca, where both the Goethe Institute and the Gallery 2B are situated.
In June and August, 50 more stones will be laid throughout Hungary, particularly in the
provinces. "We thought it was very important to place stones not only in Budapest, but also in
as many smaller places in Hungary as possible, in areas where the Jewish population was almost
completely wiped out, and where today only synagogues show that there was once a large Jewish
community," explained Berger.
In Hungary, one of the criteria for choosing victims to be commemorated was that they should
have no surviving relatives. According to Berger: "In this way we can use state support to
commemorate those victims, whom possibly nobody remembers any more, and for whom there is nobody
left to donate a stone." Since the pavements are public property, the permission of the
authorities had to be sought. "In contrast to Germany, where the process in some cases dragged
on for years, amazingly we had no such problem here. The local governments welcomed us with open
arms and genuine interest," she said.

Goethe Institute
District IX, Ráday utca 58
Tel.: 374 4070
www.goethe.de/budapest

Galerie 2B
District IX, Ráday utca 56
Tel.: 215-4899
www.pipacs.hu/2b/

Runs until 2 June
Open Mon to Fri from 2pm to 6pm and Sat from 11am to 4pm
www.stolpersteine.com

Lysann Heller

Forrás: http://www.budapesttimes.hu/?do=article&id=2324


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